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Exploring 5 Types of Refinance Loans

Refinancing your mortgage can be a smart financial move, offering potential savings, access to cash, or improved loan terms. With various refinancing options available, it’s essential to understand what each type entails to make an informed decision. Let’s look into five popular types of refinance loans: Rate and Term Refinance, Cash-Out Refinance, Cash-In Refinance, Home Affordable Refinance Program (HARP), and Short Refinance.

1. Rate and Term Refinance

What is it? A Rate and Term Refinance allows you to change the interest rate, loan term, or both without altering the loan amount.


  • Lower Interest Rates: Securing a lower interest rate can reduce monthly payments and save on interest over the life of the loan.
  • Shorter Loan Term: Switching to a shorter loan term can help you pay off your mortgage faster, though it may increase monthly payments.
  • Stabilized Payments: Refinancing from an adjustable-rate mortgage (ARM) to a fixed-rate mortgage can provide predictable payments.


  • Closing Costs: Be prepared for closing costs, which can be significant, though sometimes these can be rolled into the loan amount.
  • Break-Even Point: Calculate how long it will take to recoup the closing costs with your monthly savings to ensure it’s worth it.

2. Cash-Out Refinance

What is it? A Cash-Out Refinance replaces your existing mortgage with a new, larger loan, providing you with the difference in cash.


  • Access to Cash: Use the extra cash for home improvements, debt consolidation, or other financial needs.
  • Potential Tax Deductions: Interest on the mortgage may be tax-deductible if the cash is used for home improvements.


  • Higher Monthly Payments: Increasing the loan amount typically raises monthly payments.
  • Equity Reduction: Tapping into home equity reduces the amount of ownership in your home.
  • Risk of Foreclosure: If you use the cash irresponsibly, you risk foreclosure if you can’t make the higher payments.

3. Cash-In Refinance

What is it? A Cash-In Refinance involves paying a lump sum toward your mortgage to reduce the loan balance and refinance at a lower rate or better terms.


  • Lower Loan-to-Value (LTV) Ratio: Reducing your LTV can help you qualify for better interest rates.
  • Reduced Monthly Payments: Lowering the loan balance can significantly decrease monthly payments.
  • Avoiding PMI: Bringing the LTV below 80% can eliminate private mortgage insurance (PMI).


  • Upfront Cash Requirement: Requires a substantial upfront cash payment, which may not be feasible for everyone.
  • Opportunity Cost: Using savings for refinancing means those funds aren’t available for other investments or emergencies.

4. Home Affordable Refinance Program (HARP)

What is it? HARP was designed to help homeowners with little or no equity refinance their mortgages to more affordable terms.


  • Eligibility Flexibility: HARP allows refinancing for those who might not qualify for traditional refinance loans due to low equity.
  • No Appraisal Needed: Often, no new appraisal is required, simplifying the process.
  • Reduced Fees: Lower closing costs and fees compared to conventional refinancing options.


  • Program Ended: HARP ended in 2018, but similar options like Fannie Mae’s High LTV Refinance Option are available.
  • Eligibility Requirements: Specific criteria must be met, including the loan being owned by Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac.

5. Short Refinance

What is it? A Short Refinance occurs when a lender agrees to pay off your existing mortgage and replace it with a new, more affordable loan, often as part of a foreclosure prevention strategy.


  • Avoiding Foreclosure: Helps struggling homeowners avoid foreclosure by obtaining more manageable loan terms.
  • Debt Reduction: This can significantly reduce the principal balance, easing financial strain.


  • Credit Impact: This may negatively impact your credit score, similar to a short sale or loan modification.
  • Lender Approval: Requires lender agreement, which can be challenging to obtain.

Refinancing your mortgage can be a powerful tool for achieving financial flexibility, whether you aim to lower your interest rate, access home equity, or avoid foreclosure. Understanding the difference between each refinancing option—Rate and Term Refinance, Cash-Out Refinance, Cash-In Refinance, Home Affordable Refinance Program (HARP), and Short Refinance—enables you to make the best decision for your financial situation. By carefully weighing the benefits and considerations of each type, you can choose the path that best aligns with your long-term financial goals and current needs.

What’s Ahead For Mortgage Rates This Week – June 17th, 2024

A welcome and unexpected data release for both the PPI and CPI shows inflation expectations coming in lower than expected. The positive news was somewhat mitigated by the hawkish FOMC rate decision that also took place during the same week. Still, there is more optimism given that the data releases in the past 30 days have shown signs of inflation coming under control. At the very least, it suggests that the Federal Reserve’s policy to keep inflation under control has been effective. As a result, lending partners have quickly cut rates again after the meeting this week.

Consumer Price Index

The cost of consumer goods and services were unchanged in May for the first time in almost two years, suggesting the resurgence in inflation earlier in the year might be petering out. The flat reading in the Consumer Price Index last month was below the forecast for a 0.1% increase, based on a poll of economists by The Wall Street Journal.

Produce Price Index

U.S. wholesale prices fell in May for the second time in three months (thanks partly to lower gas prices), perhaps another sign that the upturn in inflation earlier this year is fading. The Producer Price Index dropped 0.2% last month, the government said Thursday. Economists polled by The Wall Street Journal had forecast an increase of 0.1%.

FOMC Rate Decision

Federal Reserve Chair Jerome Powell was tight-lipped at his press conference Wednesday, having been stung previously by too much optimism. The Federal Reserve remained hawkish throughout the conference and maintained current interest rates.

Primary Mortgage Market Survey Index

  • 15-Yr FRM rates are seeing a decrease by -0.12% with the current rate at 6.17%
  • 30-Yr FRM rates are seeing a decrease by -0.04% with the current rate at 6.95%

MND Rate Index

  • 30-Yr FHA rates are seeing a decrease by -0.20% for this week. Current rates at 6.44%
  • 30-Yr VA rates are seeing a decrease by -0.20% for this week. Current rates at 6.45%

Jobless Claims

Initial Claims were reported to be 242,000 compared to the expected claims of 225,000. The prior week landed at 229,000.

What’s Ahead

The proceeding weeks for FOMC rate decisions and inflation data reports are typically light. Next week has a higher-than-expected amount of influential releases. The lineup includes Retail Sales and the official S&P Global US Manufacturing PMI numbers, giving us a clear indicator of the state of manufacturing for the U.S.

Important Tips for Paying Off Your Mortgage Early and Saving on Interest

Are you dreaming of the day when you can declare yourself mortgage-free? Paying off your mortgage early not only liberates you from monthly payments but can also save you a significant amount in interest. While it may seem daunting, a few strategic moves can bring this goal within reach. Here are seven actionable tips to help you pay off your mortgage early and save on interest.

1. Make Biweekly Payments

Instead of sticking to the conventional monthly payment schedule, consider switching to biweekly payments. By making half of your monthly payment every two weeks, you’ll end up making 26 half-payments per year, which equals 13 full payments. This simple change can shave years off your mortgage term and save you thousands in interest.

2. Round Up Your Payments

Another easy strategy is to round up your mortgage payments. For instance, if your monthly payment is $1,456, rounding up to $1,500 can make a considerable difference over time. This small increase adds up and helps you chip away at your principal faster.

3. Make Extra Payments

Whenever possible, make extra payments towards your mortgage principal. This can be done by allocating bonuses, tax refunds, or other windfalls directly to your mortgage. By paying down the principal balance faster, you reduce the amount of interest you’ll pay over the life of the loan.

4. Refinance to a Shorter Term

If you’re in a strong financial position, refinancing your mortgage to a shorter term, such as from a 30-year to a 15-year loan, can result in significant interest savings. While your monthly payments may increase, the amount saved in interest over the loan’s duration is often substantial.

5. Reduce Your Spending and Reallocate the Savings

Analyze your budget and identify areas where you can cut back on expenses. Redirect these savings towards your mortgage payments. This could involve cutting down on dining out, canceling unused subscriptions, or finding more cost-effective ways to entertain yourself.

6. Apply Windfalls to Your Mortgage

Whenever you receive unexpected income, such as a work bonus, tax refund, or inheritance, consider putting it towards your mortgage. These lump sum payments can significantly reduce your principal balance, leading to less interest accruing over time.

7. Recast Your Mortgage

Mortgage recasting is an option worth exploring if you receive a large sum of money and want to lower your monthly payments without the need to refinance. By making a substantial principal payment, your lender recalculates your monthly payments based on the new, lower balance. This can reduce both the amount of interest you’ll pay and the length of your mortgage term.

Paying off your mortgage early and saving on interest is a feasible goal with the right strategies in place. By implementing biweekly payments, rounding up payments, making extra payments, refinancing, reducing spending, applying windfalls, and considering mortgage recasting, you can achieve financial freedom sooner than you might think. Remember, every little bit helps, and the sooner you start, the more you’ll save in the long run. Happy saving!

Fact Check Summary:

  • The biweekly payment strategy effectively adds one extra payment per year, reducing the loan term and interest.
  • Rounding up payments and making extra payments directly affect the principal, reducing interest.
  • Refinancing to a shorter term generally results in lower total interest paid, despite higher monthly payments.
  • Budget adjustments can free up additional funds to be directed toward the mortgage.
  • Windfalls can significantly impact the principal balance when applied to the mortgage.
  • Mortgage recasting is a viable option to lower monthly payments and interest without refinancing.

Understanding Mortgage Recasting

When it comes to managing your mortgage, you might have heard of refinancing as a popular option to reduce monthly payments or pay off your loan faster. However, there’s another lesser-known strategy called mortgage recasting. Let’s dive into what mortgage recasting is, how it works when it makes sense to consider it, and when you might want to avoid it.

What is Mortgage Recasting?

Mortgage recasting is a form of prepaying your mortgage, it is a process where you make a lump-sum payment towards your mortgage principal, and your lender then recalculates your monthly payments based on the new, lower balance. Unlike refinancing, recasting does not involve taking out a new loan. Instead, it adjusts the terms of your existing mortgage.

How Does Mortgage Recasting Work?

  1. Lump-Sum Payment: You need to make a significant lump-sum payment towards your mortgage principal. The exact amount varies by lender, but it’s typically a few thousand dollars.
  2. Recalculation of Payments: After the lump-sum payment, your lender recalculates your monthly payments based on the new, lower principal balance. Your interest rate and loan term remain the same.
  3. Lower Monthly Payments: The result is a reduction in your monthly mortgage payments since you now owe less principal.

Benefits of Mortgage Recasting

  • Lower Monthly Payments: By reducing your principal, your monthly payments decrease, freeing up cash flow for other expenses or savings.
  • Cost-Effective: Recasting usually involves a minimal fee, often ranging from $150 to $500, compared to the higher costs associated with refinancing.
  • Keep Your Existing Loan Terms: Your interest rate and loan term remain unchanged, which can be advantageous if you have a favorable rate.
  • No Credit Check: Unlike refinancing, recasting does not require a credit check or a new loan approval process.

When Should You Recast Your Mortgage?

  1. Large Lump-Sum Availability: If you have access to a substantial amount of cash, such as from a bonus, inheritance, or savings, and you want to reduce your monthly obligations.
  2. Satisfied with Current Loan Terms: If you have a low-interest rate and don’t want to go through the hassle or expense of refinancing.
  3. Want to Lower Monthly Expenses: If you’re looking to reduce your monthly payments to improve cash flow for other investments or expenses.

When Not to Recast Your Mortgage

  1. No Lump-Sum Available: If you don’t have a significant amount of extra cash to apply towards the principal, recasting isn’t an option.
  2. High-Interest Rate: If your current mortgage rate is high, you might benefit more from refinancing to a lower rate rather than just reducing your principal.
  3. Short-Term Plans: If you plan to sell your home or pay off your mortgage soon, the benefits of recasting may not be worthwhile.
  4. Investment Opportunities: If you have better investment opportunities where your lump sum could yield higher returns compared to the interest saved on your mortgage, you might prefer to invest rather than recast.

Steps to Recast Your Mortgage

  1. Check with Your Lender: Not all loans are eligible for recasting, so verify with your lender if it’s an option for you.
  2. Understand the Costs: Ask about any fees associated with recasting.
  3. Prepare Your Lump-Sum Payment: Ensure you have the required funds available.
  4. Submit Your Request: Follow your lender’s process to make the lump-sum payment and request the recast.
  5. Enjoy Lower Payments: Once the lender processes your recast, enjoy the benefit of lower monthly payments.

Mortgage recasting can be a smart financial move for homeowners looking to reduce their monthly payments without the costs and hassle of refinancing. It’s particularly beneficial if you have a large lump sum available and are satisfied with your current loan terms. However, it’s not suitable for everyone, especially if your primary goal is to lower your interest rate or if you don’t have extra cash on hand. Always evaluate your financial situation and consult with your lender to determine if recasting is the right strategy for you.